All children should be a review of ophthalmology in infant age, although the parents have not noticed anything abnormal. Children are not able to say if they see well or not, and the revision can prevent vision loss, that if detected in adulthood would be irreversible.
The first ophthalmological examination in a child who has not expressed any visual disorder recommended doing it when they are 3 years old. At this age the child works well in exploration and in the measurement of visual acuity. The main objective of this review is to discard the lazy eye (amblyopia), that is tractable to children but that cannot be corrected if detected after 8 -10 years, since it has been completed the visual development. Also, it will discard to use glasses so much if the child has farsightedness, myopia or astigmatism. Later, it is necessary to do ophthalmological revisions each year.
Of course, in the event that parents, teachers, or the pediatrician observed in the child ocular deviation, red eye, tearing or is very close to the TV or the sheet of paper when he has to read or write, or he squints the eyes to look far and he has a headache or other alterations, it’s necessary to consult with a pediatric ophthalmologist.
The refraction in children
In addition to looking at visual acuity, we need to know the refraction of the child, and for this purpose it uses a technique called esquiascopia. We study the shadows appearing in the retina after focus with a light and having placed drops cicloplegicas (dilate the pupil). These shadows are different in case of the myopia, the farsightedness or the astigmatism. This technique adjusts the view to very young children.
You can consult the medical equipment of the Department of pediatric Ophthalmology.