Do my children have good eye health? Symptoms and warning signs

Medical content revised by - Last revision 23/05/2019
Do my children have good eye health? Symptoms and warning signs

What are the most common vision problems in childhood?

The most common vision problems in children are refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism), amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus and dyschromatopsia (changes in color vision).


Warning signs for lazy eye

Amblyopia or lazy eye affects about 2-5% of the population and is one of the most common causes of vision loss in developed countries. We must remain alert when the child is premature or there is a family history of lazy eye, refractive errors or retinal diseases. It is important to diagnose it as soon as possible. Although it is usually asymptomatic, some signs may

  • Headaches or neck pain.
  • When the child has learned to read, he skips words or confuses letters.

Eye misalignment

Strabismus affects between 3% and 6% of the population. It is necessary to diagnose it in time, since one of the causes that can trigger it is amblyopia, which can be corrected during childhood with treatment, while it can not be corrected in adulthood.

Some of the strabismus signs include:

  • Eye misalignment
  • The eyes do not move together to the same direction.
  • The child tilts his head sideways to look at specific points.
  • His eyes itch or he rubs them often.
  • The child turns or closes one eye in order to focus.

Symptoms of refractive errors

Refractive errors (astigmatism, myopia and hyperopia) affect about 20% of children.

Symptoms of myopia

Myopia often appears around the age of 6 and usually comes with some of the following symptoms:

  • Squinting for focusing at long distances
  • Getting confused on who people are at a distance
  • Preferring activities for which the use of near vision is required
  • Approaching objects to see them or to read
  • Watching TV or computer nearby

Headaches, eyestrain and tilting the head backwards

Hyperopia is usually physiological, which means it is present in most children at birth. However, it disappears as the eye grows. In some cases, however, it may persist during the rest of the life. An uncorrected high hyerpopia may cause amblyopia or strabismus.

It can show signs such as:

  • Headache when performing activities requiring near vision
  • Eyestrain after such activities
  • Eye redness
  • Backwards head tilting
  • Squinting in order to focus
  • Strabismus

Other signs of vision problems can be the poor school performance of the child and the lack of attention and concentration, as well as white spots in the area of the pupil, discomfort to light, redness of the eyes, unnatural positions of the head for focusing, troubles distinguishing colors…

If any of these symptoms appear, it is essential to get an appointment with an ophthalmologist in order to perform a complete eye examination. It is important to remember that all children should undergo an ophthalmology examination around the age of 3 years old in order to detect any vision problems.

Do you have any questions?

Contact us or request an appointment with one of our specialists.

Visit us at:

ICR Ganduxer Headquarters

c/Ganduxer,117
08022 Barcelona See map

ICR Pau Alcover

C. Pau Alcover 67
08017 Barcelona See map

ICR Terrassa

C/ del Nord, 77
08221 Terrassa See map

Clínica Bonanova Surgical Center

Passeig Bonanova, 22
08022 Barcelona See map

Clinica Bonanova Tests and Treatments

c/ Mandri, 63
08022 Barcelona See map

ICR Service at Clínica Ntra. Sra. del Remei

c/ de l'Escorial,148
08024 Barcelona See map

ICR Ganduxer Headquarters

Telephone number 93 254 79 20
Emergencies phone number: 93 418 72 27

Opening hours:
Monday to Friday 8am to 8pm
Saturdays 9am to 2pm

How to get there More information

ICR Pau Alcover

Telephone number (+34) 93 378 23 19

Opening hours:
Monday to Friday from 8am to 8pm. Saturday from 8am to 2pm.

How to get there More information

ICR Terrassa

Telephone number +34 93 736 34 40

Opening hours:
Monday to Friday from 9 am to 2 pm and 3 pm to 8 pm.

How to get there More information

Clínica Bonanova Surgical Center

Opening hours:
Monday to Friday from 7:30 am to 20:30 pm

How to get there More information

Clinica Bonanova Tests and Treatments

How to get there More information

ICR Service at Clínica Ntra. Sra. del Remei

Telephone number 902 10 10 50

Opening hours:
Every afternoon from 15 h to 20 h and Friday mornings from 10 h to 14 h.

How to get there More information

This website uses cookies in order to collect statistical information regarding navigation. If you keep on surfing this website, it shall be deemed to have acknowledged its use. More information.