Eye health in young adults under 40
Even though this group age usually doesn’t need to visit the ophthalmologist so often, adults under their 40 years of age also need to take care of their vision and have their eyes examined occasionally.
The visual system development reaches maturity around the age of 20, and usually remains stable during the thirties, except in case of women, that may suffer from visual alterations in some cases during pregnancy. Therefore, during this period of life, eyeglasses and contact lenses correction barely change, thus making it an ideal moment to consider undergoing refractive surgery or vision correction surgery.
Nevertheless, as in any other age group, in case of eye trauma, pain, flashing lights, or any infection or other problem, it is necessary to go to the ophthalmologist.
Most common eye conditions in adults between 20 and 40
In this age group, besides correction problems (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism), eye traumas are a rather frequent problem. Around 75% of eye traumas affect men between 18 and 40 years of age. Half of such traumas take place at home, usually while carrying out reforms or practising sports and could be avoided by using vision protection methods (such as glasses or protective screens).
Doing physical exercise stimulates blood circulation and oxygenation and helps maintain our weight within the appropriate limits, which reduces the risk of diabetes and, consequently, of diabetic retinopathy. In sports practice, it is advisable to use protective and sunglasses, as well as a helmet whenever possible and appropriate.
Another recommendation aiming to improve long-term health is to avoid smoking, as this may increase the risk of suffering cardiovascular diseases affecting eye health and increase the chances of suffering from cataracts and retinal degenerative diseases. Moreover, in the case of women, smoking during pregnancy may pose a higher risk of suffering a retinopathy of prematurity, a disease that may lead to blindness.
Sleeping helps lubricate our eyes and eliminate dust, allergens and smoke particles that may have accumulated during the day.
Some sexually transmitted diseases, such as herpes type 1 and 2, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis or AIDS may have adverse effects in vision.