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The Glaucoma Department of the ICR has the triple aim to offer a specialised care for all glaucoma cases, to carry out the specific postgraduate training and to conduct research projects related to the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
The department has the most advanced technology for diagnosis and monitoring glaucoma through the visual function evaluation tests (standard campimetry, FDT, ATD, GPA, …) and the examination of the optical nerve structure (photographs, laser tomographies for the papilla –HRT- and the nervous fibbers layer –OCT- or laser polarimetry –GDX-). The glaucoma department applies laser treatments (Diodo, Argó, YAG) and surgical procedures (perforing and non perforing filtering surgeries, drainage devices) following the standards of evidence base medicine.
Glaucoma is a frequent and progressive optic neuropathy, as it affects 2% of the population over 40 years. Half the cases are not diagnosed, as it manifests no symptoms. The disease is more frequent with age, in those cases with high ocular pressure and if family history is present.
The diagnosis is carried out though a careful ophthalmologic exploration, and different diagnostic tests. Preventive evaluation is especially important among patients with higher risk as, in spite of being a serious disease, and medical laser surgical treatments do exist and may stop its progression and preserve the vision of most patients, if it is diagnosed on time.